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秒噔磬 arrow 羊囹桉蜩赅 arrow 署栩屦梃 镳钼屦觇 铗觌铐屙 疣耧疱溴脲龛 铗 疣忭铎屦眍泐 玎觐磬. 畜觐忸漶蜮 镱 镳桁屙屙棹

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彦戾轳蜮 牮栩屦桢 铖眍忄眍 磬 铗眍龛 镳噔漕镱漕徼 [32]. 项 屐屙蜞 ?/,. 忄痂圉桀眄钽 溧, 镱耱痤屙眍泐 镱 恹犷痍 X,, 2,..., , 恹麒耠 忮腓麒睇

7tj(y) - 镱腓眍禧 隋驵礓疣, 铕蝾泐磬朦睇 磬 铗疱珀 [0,l].

枢 镳噔桦, 钽疣龛麒忄 桉镱朦珙忄龛屐 镥疴 4- 镱腓眍祛:

羊囹桉蜩觇 牮栩屦 桁邋 忤

橡钼屦屐 汨镱蝈玎 0 疣忭铎屦眍耱 磬犭噱祛 恹犷痍 铗觌铐弪 镳 犷朦 珥圜屙 耱囹桉蜩. 妈 疣耧疱溴脲龛 耱囹桉蜩 镳 = 200 桦膻耱痂痼弪 痂. 2.16.

署栩梓羼觇 珥圜屙 NK[a) = 2,3,4 镳桠邃屙 蜞犭桷圊

2.45-2.47. 蒡 蜞犭桷 礤耜铍 疣聒桊 蜞犭桷 镳铞屙蝽 蝾麇, 镳桠邃屙眢 [63].

= 1 镱塍鬣弪 爨腩祛 牮栩屦栝, 镱铎 镳桁屙螯 邈 礤鲥脲耦钺疣珥.

[10] 镱赅玎眍, 黩 镳 > 20 疣耧疱溴脲龛 耱囹桉蜩 躅痤 囡镳铌耔扈痼弪 2 ~ 疣耧疱溴脲龛扈 耱屣屙扈 疋钺钿. 腻轳蜮栩咫, 疣耧疱溴脲龛 耱囹桉蜩 猁耱痤 聃钿蝰 耦铗忮蝰蜮簋 -疣耧疱溴脲龛 镳 > 20 铗腓麒屐 疱嚯 疣耧疱溴脲龛 耱囹桉蜩 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 铗 耦铗忮蝰蜮簋 -疣耧疱溴脲龛 祛骓 镳嚓蜩麇耜 镳屙遽疱鼽.

蜞犭桷 2.48 赅麇耱忮 镳桁屦 溴祛眈蝠桊箦蝰 铗腓麒 铗 玎溧眄 忮腓麒 1- 忮痤蝽铖蝈 忤溧 p(nk < 贞 i-) > 恹麒耠屙睇 耦铗忮蝰蜮梃 溴轳蜮栩咫 疣耧疱溴脲龛扈 耱囹桉蜩 NK, 镱塍麇眄 疱珞朦蜞蝈 耱囹桉蜩麇耜钽 祛溴腓痤忄龛 镳 钺爨 恹犷痤 = 20, 50. 蒡 镱玮铍弪 耋滂螯 忮腓麒礤 镱沭屮眍耱 镳 恹麒耠屙梃 p-value 镱 耦铗忮蝰蜮簋祗 -疣耧疱溴脲龛.

朽耧疱溴脲龛 耱囹桉蜩 Nk 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 镳  = 200

需. 2.16. 朽耧疱溴脲龛 耱囹桉蜩 Nk 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 镳 = 200

亦犭桷 2.45

署栩梓羼觇 珥圜屙 耱囹桉蜩觇 n2 _牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐郷

1 -

0.8

0.85

0.9

0.95

0.99

2

2.450

3.013

4.034

5.932

10.077

3

2.865

3.276

4.015

5.669

9.723

4

3.030

3.448

4.113

5.571

9.602

5

3.118

3.568

4.227

5.554

9.519

6

3.154

3.637

4.311

5.601

9.400

7

3.180

3.681

4.380

5.651

9.315

8

3.188

3.702

4.418

5.680

9.270

9

3.190

3.720

4.452

5.730

9.237

10

3.192

3.726

4.469

5.759

9.186

11

3.194

3.733

4.486

5.792

9.171

1 -

0.8

0.85

0.9

0.95

0.99

12

3.197

3.743

4.601

5.815

9.168

14

3.200

3.749

4.516

5.843

9.152

16

3.203

3.757

4.530

5.861

9.150

18

3.205

3.760

4.540

5.872

9.158

20

3.206

3.764

4.546

5.887

9.152

25

3.210

3.769

4.561

5.912

9.160

30

3.212

3.774

4.567

5.926

9.146

40

3.214

3.782

4.580

5.945

9.160

50

3.214

3.785

4.585

5.951

9.175

100

3.214

3.789

4.591

5.969

9.200

200

3.216

3.789

4.595

5.985

9.211

300

3.218

3.790

4.600

5.987

9.202

00

3.219

3.794

4.605

5.991

9.210

亦犭桷 2.46

署栩梓羼觇 珥圜屙 耱囹桉蜩觇

牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐郷

1 -

0.8

0.85

0.9

0.95

0.99

2

4.118

4.475

5.606

7.495

13.570

3

4.440

5.036

5.780

7.358

12.936

4

4.446

5.098

6.028

7.550

12.314

5

4.435

5.101

6.034

7.666

12.118

6

4.459

5.105

6.028

7.674

11.960

7

4.474

5.124

6.052

7.674

11.845

8

4.481

5.137

6.068

7.688

11.812

9

4.501

5.153

6.078

7.699

11.805

10

4.509

5.161

6.087

7.702

11.746

1 -

0.8

0.85

0.9

0.95

0.99

11

4.520

5.172

6.099

7.704

11.717

12

4.536

5.184

6.108

7.712

11.667

14

4.550

5.199

6.119

7.716

11.651

16

4.569

5.216

6.128

7.722

11.608

18

4.579

5.230

6.145

7.724

11.569

20

4.581

5.239

6.153

7.725

11.542

25

4.600

5.259

6.172

7.740

11.510

30

4.607

5.268

6.191

7.751

11.457

40

4.618

5.281

6.204

7.770

11.425

50

4.622

5.289

6.214

7.773

11.413

100

4.633

5.305

6.232

7.793

11.367

200

4.634

5.310

6.244

7.806

11.360

300

4.638

5.310

6.246

7.807

11.347

4.641

5.317

6.251

7.814

11.345

亦犭桷 2.47

署栩梓羼觇 珥圜屙 耱囹桉蜩觇 n4 _牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐郷

1 -

0.8

0.85

0.9

0.95

0.99

2

5.648

6.462

7.220

9.731

16.129

3

5.674

6.329

7.382

9.328

16.208

4

5.741

6.469

7.464

9.348

15.507

5

5.729

6.500

7.567

9.459

15.015

6

5.742

6.499

7.590

9.489

14.735

7

5.770

6.531

7.600

9.499

14.511

8

5.780

6.541

7.611

9.477

14.396

9

5.794

6.551

7.618

9.490

14.315

1 -

0.8

0.85

0.9

0.95

0.99

10

5.802

6.560

7.633

9.476

14.238

11

5.809

6.568

7.632

9.480

14.135

12

5.819

6.576

7.638

9.478

14.066

14

5.832

6.589

7.649

9.470

13.990

16

5.849

6.598

7.652

9.465

13.920

18

5.865

6.614

7.663

9.468

13.855

20

5.872

6.621

7.667

9.461

13.798

25

5.898

6.641

7.683

9.453

13.707

30

5.913

6.657

7.692

9.455

13.626

40

5.930

6.677

7.709

9.453

13.554

50

5.944

6.689

7.722

9.456

13.492

100

5.970

6.719

7.752

9.469

13.371

200

5.976

6.730

7.763

9.479

13.352

300

5.985

6.738

7.770

9.481

13.276

5.989

6.745

7.779

9.488

13.277

亦犭桷 2.48

洛痤蝽铖蜩 p(nk < %2 ,_), 耦铗忮蝰蜮簋 玎溧眄

,--赈囗蜩 ^-疣耧疱溴脲龛, 恹麒耠屙睇 镱 疱嚯 疣耧疱溴脲龛 耱囹桉蜩 牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐

0.85

0.8522

0.8509

0.8547

0.8518

0.8571

0.8534

0.9

0.9027

0.9013

0.9040

0.9016

0.9044

0.9023

0.95

0.9527

0.9511

0.9517

0.9509

0.9506

0.9506

0.975

0.9765

0.9757

0.9751

0.9751

0.9735

0.9746

0.99

0.9903

0.9901

0.9892

0.9897

0.9880

0.9891

项塍麇眄 疱珞朦蜞蝈 耱囹桉蜩麇耜钽 祛溴腓痤忄龛 铞屙觇 祛铖蜩 牮栩屦桢 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 镳 镳钼屦赍 疣忭铎屦眍耱 镱 铗眍龛 觐黻箴桊簋 汨镱蝈玎 ,, 2 3 耦 耱囹桉蜩觐 N2 镳邃耱噔脲睇 蜞犭桷圊 2.49, 2.50 2.51 耦铗忮蝰蜮屙眍, 耦 耱囹桉蜩觐 3 - 蜞犭桷圊 2.52, 2.53 2.54, 耦 耱囹桉蜩觐 N4 - 蜞犭桷圊 2.55, 2.56 2.57.

橡 爨臌 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 觐黻箴桊簋 汨镱蝈琨 , 潆 怦艴 牮栩屦桢 踵疣牝屦眍 磬腓麒 耢妁屙, 觐蝾痤 恹疣驽眍 戾礤 玎戾蝽 镱 耩噔礤龛 礤觐蝾瘥扈 恹 疣耨祛蝠屙睇扈 牮栩屦扈.

枢 祛骓 耋滂螯 镱 铞屙赅 祛铖蜩, 磬栳铍邋 镳邃镱黩栩咫 桉镱朦珙忄龛 牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 耦 耱囹桉蜩觐 N2.

疹痤 囡镳铌耔爨鲨 疣耧疱溴脲龛 耱囹桉蜩 耦铗忮蝰蜮簋扈 2 -疣耧疱溴脲龛扈 漕耱囹铟眍 恹耦赅 祛铖螯 溴豚 牮栩屦梃 镳钼屦觇 疣忭铎屦眍耱 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 钿龛扈 桤 磬栳铍邋 镥瘃镥牝桠睇 潆 镳桁屙屙.

填铖螯 牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 汨镱蝈琨 ,

亦犭桷 2.49

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.187

0.116

0.043

0.012

0.001

20

0.314

0.224

0.117

0.055

0.017

30

0.429

0.330

0.199

0.112

0.047

40

0.533

0.432

0.286

0.178

0.087

50

0.622

0.525

0.374

0.252

0.137

100

0.889

0.837

0.731

0.613

0.458

150

0.973

0.954

0.908

0.843

0.733

200

0.994

0.989

0.973

0.946

0.891

300

1.000

0.999

0.998

0.996

0.988

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.236

0.177

0.109

0.068

0.035

20

0.296

0.229

0.149

0.098

0.055

30

0.353

0.282

0.129

0.129

0.077

40

0.408

0.333

0.234

0.163

0.101

50

0.460

0.383

0.277

0.199

0.126

100

0.669

0.597

0.481

0.382

0.276

150

0.808

0.751

0.650

0.552

0.433

200

0.892

0.852

0.774

0.691

0.579

300

0.968

0.952

0.915

0.868

0.794

亦犭桷 2.51

填铖螯 牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 汨镱蝈琨 3

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.194

0.137

0.076

0.043

0.020

20

0.236

0.172

0.101

0.059

0.029

30

0.277

0.208

0.127

0.077

0.040

40

0.317

0.243

0.154

0.097

0.052

50

0.356

0.279

0.182

0.117

0.064

100

0.531

0.447

0.326

0.232

0.145

150

0.670

0.591

0.465

0.357

0.244

200

0.772

0.704

0.588

0.478

0.352

300

0.898

0.856

0.773

0.682

0.559

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.145

0.087

0.033

0.011

0.002

20

0.246

0.166

0.080

0.036

0.011

30

0.347

0.254

0.141

0.074

0.028

40

0.444

0.344

0.211

0.123

0.055

50

0.533

0.431

0.285

0.179

0.088

100

0.834

0.766

0.639

0.511

0.353

150

0.952

0.923

0.855

0.769

0.636

200

0.988

0.978

0.951

0.909

0.830

300

0.999

0.999

0.996

0.990

0.975

亦犭桷 2.53

填铖螯 牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 N3 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 汨镱蝈琨 2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.237

0.177

0.108

0.066

0.035

20

0.292

0.226

0.146

0.095

0.054

30

0.346

0.275

0.186

0.125

0.074

40

0.397

0.323

0.226

0.158

0.098

50

0.446

0.370

0.266

0.191

0.121

100

0.651

0.577

0.464

0.367

0.264

150

0.791

0.732

0.630

0.534

0.418

200

0.880

0.837

0.758

0.674

0.563

300

0.964

0.946

0.907

0.858

0.783

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.189

0.133

0.074

0.041

0.019

20

0.226

0.163

0.094

0.055

0.027

30

0.263

0.194

0.117

0.070

0.036

40

0.298

0.226

0.141

0.087

0.046

50

0.334

0.258

0.165

0.104

0.057

100

0.501

0.416

0.297

0.208

0.127

150

0.638

0.556

0.429

0.324

0.217

200

0.744

0.672

0.552

0.442

0.318

300

0.881

0.834

0.745

0.650

0.523

亦犭桷 2.55

填铖螯 牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 汨镱蝈琨 //,

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.121

0.072

0.028

0.010

0.002

20

0.197

0.127

0.058

0.026

0.008

30

0.291

0.200

0.101

0.049

0.018

40

0.389

0.284

0.158

0.083

0.033

50

0.483

0.371

0.224

0.127

0.056

100

0.818

0.739

0.592

0.447

0.283

150

0.950

0.918

0.840

0.738

0.583

200

0.989

0.979

0.949

0.902

0.808

300

0.9996

0.999

0.997

0.991

0.976

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.238

0.177

0.109

0.067

0.035

20

0.290

0.224

0.144

0.094

0.053

30

0.339

0.270

0.182

0.122

0.072

40

0.388

0.315

0.220

0.153

0.093

50

0.435

0.359

0.257

0.183

0.116

100

0.632

0.557

0.445

0.350

0.251

150

0.773

0.712

0.609

0.512

0.399

200

0.865

0.820

0.737

0.653

0.541

300

0.938

0.937

0.895

0.843

0.765

亦犭桷 2.57

填铖螯 牮栩屦 湾殪囗-拎痱铐 n4 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 汨镱蝈琨 3

0.15

0.1

0.05

0.025

0.01

10

0.186

0.130

0.072

0.040

0.018

20

0.218

0.157

0.090

0.052

0.025

30

0.250

0.184

0.109

0.065

0.033

40

0.282

0.212

0.130

0.080

0.041

50

0.314

0.240

0.151

0.094

0.050

100

0.466

0.381

0.267

0.183

0.110

150

0.598

0.514

0.388

0.286

0.187

200

0.706

0.629

0.505

0.396

0.277

300

0.853

0.799

0.700

0.599

0.470

 
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