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4. Environmental issues

Questions for Discussion

  • 1. Why have environmental issues become so urgent today?
  • 2. What are the main threats to the environment?
  • 3. What are the main causes of environment pollution?
  • 4. How is business involved in polluting the environment?
  • 5. Do manufacturers understand the impact of industrialization on the future of the planet?
  • 6. What are the scientists predictions about the changing of the climate due to unbridled industrialization?
  • 7. How do companies respond to environmental issues and problems?
  • 8. What are the alternatives to using fossil fuel?
  • 9. Do you think companies should be sued for the damage to the environment?
  • 10. What can companies do to repair the ecological damage?
  • 11. Do you think environmental consciousness can be nurtured in manufacturers?
  • 12. How can your business take part in solving environmental problems?

Target Vocabulary


to threaten

ozone depletion

combustible materials

acid rains

to dispose of

global warming

mixed refuse

industrial and nuclear waste

environmental consciousness

to emit

ecological awareness

harmful substances

to sue for damages

Vocabulary Practice

Exercise 1. Use your target vocabulary to replace these explanations.

1. the reduction of ozone in the ozone layer by a large amount so that there is not enough


  • 2. materials which are able to begin burning easily_
  • 3. to get rid of something that you do not want or cannot keep_
  • 4. waste materials of different kinds that have been thrown away_
  • 5. knowing that the ecological threat exists and is important_
  • 6. to make a claim against a company in court about the damage to the environment they

have made_

Exercise 2. Complete these sentences using your target vocabulary in the appropriate form.

  • 1. Gas and oil... always increases in cold weather.
  • 2. ... are rains that contain harmful chemicals from factory gases and that damage trees, crops and buildings.
  • 3. The factories ... a lot of harmful substances into the atmosphere.
  • 4. The increase in temperature of the earths atmosphere caused by the increase of carbon dioxide is called ...
  • 5. The company management should ensure a safe ... of industrial waste.
  • 6. Companies run courses on environmental... and ecological...

Tips for Topic Development

Text 1

Nowadays we all understand that unbridled industrialization, which has been going on for years, has brought about irreversible changes into the world climate and is threatening the life on the planet. The principle Hold your breath until your death is frightening.

The biggest fear is global warming and the depletion of the ozone layer. Theres a report that an area of the Amazon rainforest is felled every second of every day, seven days a week. It means that the ecological balance is being upset. The result is that we have strange sudden hurricane force winds that we have never had before, holes in the ozone layer, skin cancer. All people and businessmen have to admit that its high time to begin to rectify the mistakes that were made in the past. Of course we should start with ourselves. People should collect the things which are reusable, think about the safe disposal of spray canisters and other wastes. Businesses should run courses on ecological awareness and raise environmental consciousness of their management and employees. We all can put pressure on federal and local governments to make the policies of businesses environmentally friendly.

Agree or disagree with these statements.

  • 1. The idea Hold your breath until your death is an exaggeration.
  • 2. We shouldnt be so pessimistic about the future of our planet.
  • 3. Its a matter of common people to save the globe from the ecological disaster.
  • 4. Only courses on ecological awareness are a panacea for saving the Earth from an unbridled industrialization.
  • 5. Environmentally-friendly policies can be imposed on businesses by governments.
  • 6. Its too late to rectify the mistakes made by environmentally-unconscious businesses in the past.

Text 2

Waste has been with us since man began to live in large communities. London in 1684, with its open sewers, horse traffic, and out-the-window garbage disposal, was not more healthful than areas around industrial waste disposal sites in 2002. But the nature of waste has changed as well as peoples knowledge, which has increased dramatically over the past decade. Enhanced sensitivity to the siting of disposal facilities resulted in the reevaluation of waste management approaches. The options are: reuse, reprocess and recycle.

In order to maximize the quantity of reused or recycled waste, waste generators must develop viable processes or find someone willing to use their waste.

It is important to recognize that without the existence of a real economic advantage to do so wastes will not be recycled. To maximize the economic advantage of recycling, businesses first seek a process that can use the waste as it is generated. Next they seek nearby specific users who are willing to substitute garbage for the nice clean raw material. Obviously, the first place to look is within the plant producing the wastes both try to minimize the amount produced, and to determine whether other operations within the plant could use the waste.

Say which of the statements below are true and which are false.

  • 1. Large communities have started complaining about waste only recently.
  • 2. There was no out-the-window garbage disposal in the London of 1684.
  • 3. People have become more aware of the environmental demise over the past decade.
  • 4. Management approaches to waste disposal have been re-evaluated recently.
  • 5. Wastes should not be recycled because it is economically unprofitable.
  • 6. Businessmen can substitute garbage for clean raw material.
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