6. How much time do you usually allocate for your main responsibilities?
7. Do you work overtime?
8. Are you involved in your day-to-day activities as soon as you arrive at the office?
9. Do you take care of the immediate tasks yourself or do you delegate them to your peers or subordinates?
10. Do you help your peers with the work when they are ill?
11. Are the duties you are involved in time-consuming?
12. How do you catch up on the things that you have fallen behind if at all?
to get to work
dedicated hard work
to be qualified for a job
to attain a set objective
to gain practical experience
to go wrong
a manual job
to fall short of
to adjust to job changes
to keep up with the work
to be in charge of
the primary responsibility lies with
Exercise 1. Use your target vocabulary to replace these explanations.
1. to get more of something_
to fail to reach the standard that you expected or need
to succeed in getting a goal
to make progress or increase at the same rate as somebody or something_
to reach the standard of ability or knowledge needed to do a particular job, for example by completing a course of study or passing exams
to be in a position of having control over something or somebody, being responsible for something
Exercise 2. Complete these sentences using your target vocabulary in the appropriate form.
1. The hotel... their expectations.
2. Wait a minute. I can’t... the task.
3. He is an Export Manager. He is ... negotiating contracts with the overseas clients.
4. Some people do voluntary jobs to ...
5. You’ll quickly... new responsibilities if you are attentive enough.
6. He isn’t the person we need. The report shows that he is ... for the job.
Tips for Topic Development
I work four days a week. On other days I go to the University to do my Master’s Degree. I am not quite qualified for the job yet, and my aim is to gain practical experience. My working days are rather hectic because my employers are very demanding. 1 am immersed in a flurry of day-to-day activities as soon as I arrive at the office. I am in charge of many things such as speaking with irate clients on the phone, making appointments with the customers, arranging presentations. My top-priority function is preparing exhibitions. This job is time-consuming. Sometimes something may go wrong. We may fall behind schedule. On such occasions I have to take extra workloads just to keep up with the work. No matter how busy I am, I never delegate my responsibilities.
Agree or disagree with these statements.
1. Nowadays practical experience is a must for those who begin their career.
2. People of all professions are always immersed in a flurry of day-to-day activities as soon as they arrive at their office.
3. Employees try to avoid time-consuming tasks.
4. You must force the pace when you fall behind your schedule.
5. Delegating responsibilities is fraught with problems.
6. The managers’ days are usually hectic.
I get to work at about 8.45. I have a nine-to-five job. I have to clock in and clock out. But some people in our Department don’t have fixed hours. They can come in at any time from eight to ten in the morning; we say they work flexi-time or they are on flexi-time. Their core hours are from 10.00 to 12.00 and from 2.00 to 4.00.
There are people who don’t go to the office at all. They work from home with their computer; they are called teleworkers.
My neighbour works different times each week; every third week he works nights; he does shift work. He is a shift worker.
I know people who have their own company; they are self-employed and work from home. Finally, there are people who work for different companies at different times; they are freelance/ they work freelance.
Say which of the statements below are true and which are false.
1. People who clock in and clock out do not work fixed hours.
2. If a person is on flexitime he comes to work at any time he/she wants.
3. The core hours are the hours when the workers must be at work.
4. A self-employed person works from home with his computer.
5. A shift worker works either in day shifts or night shifts.
6. A teleworker’s responsibility is to arrange presentations.